Gesetz (des Parlaments von Irland) zur Ordnung des Modus, mit welchem die geistlichen und weltlichen Lords und die Gemeinen, die im Parlament des vereinigten Königreichs für Irland ihren Sitz einnehmen, bestimmt werden
(An Act to regulate the Mode by which the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Commons, to serve in the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the Part of Ireland, shall be summones an returned to the said Parliament)
(zur Ausführung des Art. IV Abschnitt 3 der Unionsakte)

vom 1. August 1800

geändert durch
Gesetz zur Ergänzung der Vertretung des Volkes in Irland vom 7. August 1832 (c. 88)
Gesetz über das geheime Wahlverfahren (Ballot Act) vom 18. Juli 1872 (c. 33)
Gesetz über die Vertretung des Volkes (Representation of the People Act) vom 6. Dezember 1884 (c. 3)
Gesetz über die Neuverteilung der Sitze (Redistribution of Seats Act) vom 25. Juni 1885 (c. 23)
...

aufgehoben durch
Statute Law (Repeals) Act von 1971 (c. 52)

Whereas it is agreed by the fourth Article of Union,

That four Lords Spiritual of Ireland, by Rotation of Sessions, and twenty eight Lords Temporal of Ireland, elected for Life by the Peers of Ireland, shall be the Number to sit and vote on the Part of Ireland in the House of Lorfs of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and one hundred Commoners (two for each Country of Ireland, two for the City of Dublin, two for the City of Cork, one for the College of the Holy Trinity of Dublin, and one for each of the thirty one most considerable Cities, Towns and Boroughs) be the Number to sit and vote on the Part of Ireland in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom;

be it enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice an Consent of the Lords Spiritual an Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament (of Ireland) assembeld, and by Authority of the same,

That the said four Lords Spiritual shall be taken from among the Lords Spiritual of Ireland in the manner following;

that is to say,

That one of the four Archbishops of Ireland and three of the eigtheen Bishops of Ireland shall sit in the House of Lords of the United Parliament in each Session thereof, the said Right of sitting being regulated as between the said Archbishops respectively by a Rotation among the Archiepitcopal Sees from Session to Session, and in like manner that of the Bishops by a like Rotation among the Episcopal Sees:

That the Primate of all Ireland for that of the Bishops by a like Rotation among the Episcopal Sees:

That the Primate of all Ireland for the time being shall sit in the first Session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Archbishop of Dublin for the time being in the Second, the Archbishop of Cashel for the time being in the third, the Archbishop of Tham for the time being in te fourth; and so by Rotation of Sessions for ever, such Rotation to proceed regulary and without Interruption from Session to Session, notwichstanding any Dissolution or Expiration of Parliament:

That tree suffragan Bishops shall, in like manner, sit according to their Rotation of Sees, from Session to Session, in the following Order:
  the Lord Bishop of Meath, the Lord Bishop of Kildare, the Lord Bishop of Derry, in the first Session of the Parliament of th United Kingdom;
  the Lord Bisop of Raphoe, the Lord Bishop of Limerick, Ardefort and Aghadoe, the Lord Bishop of Dromore, in the second Session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom;
  the Lord Bishop of Elphin, the Lord Bishop of Down and Connor, the Lord Bishop of Waterford an Lismore, in the third Session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom;
  the Lord Bishop of Leighlin and Ferns, the Lord Bishop of Cloyne, the Lord Bishop of Cork and Ross, in the fourth Session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom;
  the Lord Bishop of Lillaloe and Kilfenora, the Lord Bishop of Kilmore, the Lord Bishop of Clogher, in the fifth Session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom;
  the Lord Bishop of Ossory, the Lord Bishop of Killala and Achonry, the Lord Bishop of Clonfert and Kilmacduargh, in the sicth Session of the Parliament of the United Kingdom;
the said Rotation to be nevertheless subject to such Variation thereform from time to time as is hereinafter provided:

That the said twenty eight Lords Temporal shall be chosen by all in the Temporal Peers of Ireland in manner hereinafter provided;

that each of the said Lords Temporal so chosen shall be entiteld to sit in the House of Lords of the Parliament of the United Kingdom during his Life; and in case of his Death, or Forfeiture of any of the said Lords Temporal, the Temporal Peers of Ireland shall, in the manner hereinafter provided, choose another Peer out of their own Number to supply the Place so vacant. And be it enacted,

That of the one hundred Commoners to sit on the Part of Ireland in the United Parliament, sixty four shall be chosen for the Counties, and thirty six for the following Cities and Boroughs, videlicet:
For each County of Ireland two;
for the City of Dublin two;
for the City of Cork two;
for the College of the Holy Trinity of Dublin one;
for the City of Waterford one,
for the City of Limerick one;
for the Borough of Belfast one;
for the County and Town of Drogheda one;
for the County and Town of Carrickfergus one;
ffor the Borough of Newry one;
for the City of Kilkenny one;
for the City of Londonderry one;
for the Town of Galway one;
for the Borough of Clonmell one;
for the Town of Wexford one;
for the Town of Toughall one;
for the Tonwn of Bandon Bridge one;
for the Borough of Armagh one;
for the Borough of Dundalk one;
for the Ton of Kinsale one;
for the Borough of Lisburne one;
for the Borough of Sligo one;
for the Borough of Catherlough one;
for the Borough of Ennis one;
for the Borough of Dungarvan one;
for the Borough of Donwpatrick one;
for the Borough of Coleraine one;
for the Town of Mallow one;
for the Borough of Athlone one;
for the Town of New Ross one;
for the Borough of Tralec one;
for the City of Cashel one;
for the Borough of Dungannon one;
for the Borough of Portarlington one;
for the Borough of Enniskillen one.

And be enacted,

That in case of the summoning of a new Parliament, or, if the Seat of any of the said Commoners shall become vacant by Death or otherwise, then the sid Counties, Cities or Boroughs or any of them, as the case may be, shall proceed to a new Election; and that all the other Towns, Cities, Corporations or Boroughs, other than the aforesaid, shall cease to elect Representatives to serve in Parliament;

and no Meeting shall at any time hereafter be summones, calles, convened or held, for the Purpose of electiong any Person or Persons to serve or act, or be considered as Representative or Representatives of any other Place, Town, City, Corporation or Borough, other than the aforesaid, or as Representative or Representatives of the Freemen, Freeholders, Householders or Inhabitants thereof, either in the Parliament of the United Kingdom or esewhere (unless it shall hereafter be otherwise provided by the Parliament of the United Kingdom);

and every Person summoning, calling or holding any such Meeting or Assembly, or taking any Part in any such Election or pretended Election, shall, beeing thereof duly convicted, incur and suffer the Pains and Penalties ordained and provided by the Statute of Provision and Praemunire, made in the sixteenth Year of the Reign of Richard the Second.

For the due Election of the Persons to be chosen to sit in the respective Houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the Part of Ireland, be it enacted, Name of the Person chosen by the Majority of Voters;

and the Peer so chosen shall, during his Life, be one of the Peers to sit and vote on the Part of Ireland in the House of Lords of the United Kingdom;

and in case the Voters shall be equal, the Names of such Persons, woh have an equal Number of Voters in their Favour, shall be written on Pieces of Paper of a similar Form, and shall be put into a Glass by the Clerk of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, at the Table of the House of Lords, whilst the House ist sitting, and the Peer whose Name shall be first drawn out by the Clerk of the Parliament shall be deemed the Peer elected. And be it enacted,

That in case any Lord Spiritual, being a Temporal Peer of the United Kingdom, or being a Temporal Peer of that Part of the United Kingdom calles Ireland, shall be chosen by the Lord Temporal to be one of the Representatives of the Lords Temporal, in every such case, during th Life of such Spiritual Peer being a Temporal Peer of the United Kingdom, or being a Temporal Peer of that Part of the United Kingdom called Ireland, so chosen to represent the Lords Temporal, the Rotation of Representation of the Spiritual Lords shall proceed to the next Spiritual Lord;
without regard to such Spiritual Lord so chosen a Temporal Peer;

that is to say, if such Spiritual Lord shall be an Achbishop, then the Rotation shall proceed to the Archbishop whose See is next in Rotation, and if such Spiritual Lord shall be a suffragan Bishop, then the Rotation shall proceed to the suffragan Bishop whose See is next in Rotation. And whereas by the said fourth Article of Union it is agreed, that, if His Majesty shall, on or before the first Day of January next, declare, under the Great Seal of Great Britain, that it is expedient that the Lords and Commons of the present Parliament of Great Britain should be the Members of the respective Houses of the first Parliament of the United Kingdom on the Part of Great Britain, then the Lords and Commons of the present Parliament of the United Kingdom shall acordingly be the Members of the respective Houses of the first Parliament of the United Kingdom on the Part of Great Britain;

Be it enacted, for and in that case only, That the present Members of teh rhirty two Contries of Ireland, and the two Members for the City of Dublin, and the two Members for the City of Cork, shall be, and they are hereby declares to be, by virtue of this Act, Members for the said Counties and Cities in the first Parliament of the United Kingdom;

and that on a Day and Hour to be appointed by His Majesty, under the Great Seal of Ireland, previous to the said first Day of January One thousand eight hundred and one, the Members then serving for the College of the Holy Trinity of Dublin, and fot each of the following Cities or Boroughs;

that is so say, the City of Waterford, City of Limerick, Borough of Belfast, County and Town of Drogheda, County and Town of Carrickfergus, Borough of Newry, City of Kilenny, City of Londonderra, Town of Galway, Borough of Clonmell, Town of Wexford, Town of Youghall, Town of Bandon Bridge, Borough of Armagh, Borough of Dundalk, Town of Kinsale, Borough of Lisburne, Borough of Sligo, Borough of Catherlough, Borough of Ennis, Borough of Dungarvan, Borough of Downpatrick, Borough of Coleraine, Town of Mallow, Borough of Athlone, Town of New Ross, Borough of Tralce, City of Cashel, Borough of Dungannon, Borough of Portarlington and Borough of Enniskillen, or any five ore more of them, shall meet in the now usual Place of Meeting of the House of Commons of Ireland, and the Names of the Members then serving for the said Places and Boroughs, shall be written on searate Pieces of Paper, and the said Papers being folded up, shall be placed in a Glass or Glasses, and shall successively be drawn tereout by the Clerk of the Crown or his Deputy, who shall then and there attend for that Purpose;

and the first drawn Name of a Member of each of the aforesaid Places or Boroughs shall be taken as the Name of the Member to serve for the said Place or Borough in the first Parliament of the United Kingdom;

and a Return of the said Names shall be made by the Clerk of the Crown or his Deputy, to the House of Commons of the first Parliament of the United Kingdom;

and a Certificate thereof shall be given respectively by the said Clerk of the Crown or his Deputy, to each of the Members whose Names shall have been so drawn:

Provided always, That it may be allowed to any Member of any of the said Places or Boroughs, by personal Application, to be then and there made by him to the Clerk of the Crown or his Deputy, or by Declaration in Writing under his Hand, to be transmitted by him to the Clerk of the Crown previous to the said Day so appointed as above, to withdraw his Name previous to the drawing of the Names by Lot;

in which case, or in that of a Vacancy by Death or otherwise of one of the Members of any of the said Places or Boroughs, at the time of so drawing the Names, the Name of the other Member shall be returned as aforesaid as the Name of the Member to serve for such Place in the first Parliament of the United Kingdom;

or if both Members for any such Place or Borough shall so withdraw their Names, or if there shall be a Vacancy of both Members at the time aforesaid, the Clerk of the Crown shall certify the same to the House of Commons of the first Parliament of the United Kingdom, and shall also express, in such Return, whether any Writ shall then have issued for the Election of a Member or Members to supply such Vacancy;

and if a Wirt shall so have issues for the Election of one Member only, such Wirt shall be superseded, and any Election to be thereafter made thereupon shall be null an of no effect;

and if such Writ shall have issued for the Election of two Members, the said two Members shall be chosen accordingly, and their Names being returned by the Clerk of the Crown to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, one of the said Names shall then be drawn by Lot, in such manner and time as the said House of Commons shall direct;

and the Person whose Name shall be so drawn, shall be deemd to be the Member to sit for such Place in the first Parliament of the United Kingdom;

but if, at the time aforesaid, no Wirt shall habe issued to supply such Vacancy, none shall thereafter issue until the same be ordered by Resolution of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as in the case of any other Vacancy of a Seat in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

And be it enacted,

That whenever His Majesty, his Heirs and Successors shall, by Proclamation under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom, summon an new Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Chancellor, Keeper or Commissioners of the Great Seal of Ireland shall cause Writs to be issued to the several Vounties, Cities, the College of the Holy Trinity of Dublin, and Boroughs in that Part of the United Kingdom, called Ireland, specified in this Act, for the Election of Members to serve in the Parlament of the United Kingdom, according to the Numbers hereinbefore set forth; an whenever any Vacancy of a Seat in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, for any of the said Counties, Cities or Boroughs, or for the said College of the Holy Trinity of Dublin, shall arise, by Death or otherwise, the Chancellor, Keeper or Commissioners of the Great Seal, upon such Vacancy being certifid to them respectively, by the proper Warrant, shall forthwith cause a Wirt to issue for the Election of a Person to fill up such Vacancy;

and such Wirts and the Returns thereon, respectively being returned into the Crown Office in that Part of the United Kingdom called England, and be certified to the House of Commons in the same manner as the like Returns have been usually or shall hereafter be certified;

and Copies of the said Writs and Returns, attended by the Chancellor, Keeper or Commissioners of the Great Seal of Ireland for the time being, shall be preserved in the Crown Office of Ireland, and shall be Evidence of such Writs and Returns, in case the original Writs and Returns shall be lost.

 

Durch dieses Gesetz wurde die Anzahl der irischen Parlamentsmitglieder gesenkt und die sog. rotten boroughs, die durch Bevölkerungswanderungen nahezu wählerlos gewordenen Wahlbezirke der Abgeordneten des irischen Parlaments, aufgehoben. Dies erfolgte in England erst mit den Reformgesetzen von 1832.


Quellen:
www.statutelaw.gov.uk
www.actofunion.ac.uk/
© 3. Februar 2009 - 14. Februar 2009
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